23 Sep 2020
Facing the challenge of extortion in Central America
Extortion in Central America, CAM-Obs
Postdoctoral Research Fellow, New York University
Pam is a Postdoctoral Fellow at New York University’s Behavioral Sciences Training in Drug Abuse Research. She earned her doctorate in Criminal Justice from John Jay College of Criminal Justice/The Graduate Center, CUNY.
Her dissertation titled, “The Evolution of MS-13 and Barrio 18: Violence, Extortion, and Drug Trafficking in the Northern Triangle of Central America,” utilized mixed-methods to obtain a comprehensive understanding of these gangs. Pam is a former U.S. Fulbright Fellow and a Dean K. Harrison Fellow, during her fellowships, she lived in El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala.
She has presented her research to government officials at the U.S. Embassy in El Salvador, USAID in Honduras, and civil society in Guatemala. She holds an M.A. in Social Science, and two B.A. degrees, one in Chicano/Latino Studies and another in Cognitive Psychology from the University of California, Irvine. Previously, she was a Senior Consultant with Booz Allen Hamilton working with the Department of Defense at the National Defense University.
Ruiz, P. (2020) Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and Barrio 18: Gangs, Terrorists, or Political Manipulation? Small Wars Journal.
Ruiz, P. (2020) Facing the challenge of extortion in Central America, Initiatives implemented to reduce extortion. Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime.
Executive Director, Instituto de Enseñanza para el Desarrollo Sostenible (IEPADES)
Office Director, Anti-Crime Program Office, Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, U.S. Department of State
Legal Practitioner; African Consultant for International Drug Policy Consortium
Professor, Central European University
Researcher and Consultant, University of Chiapas, Institute of Judicial Research
Senior Fellow for Human Rights, Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, UC San Diego
Senior Coordinator for Reports and Political Affairs, U.S. Department of State's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
Analyst, Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime
Researcher and PhD Candidate, Maryland University; Researcher, Ideas for Peace Foundation & Director, C-Analysis applied Criminology