23 Sep 2020
Facing the challenge of extortion in Central America
Extortion in Central America, CAM-Obs
Postdoctoral Research Fellow, New York University
Pam is a Postdoctoral Fellow at New York University’s Behavioral Sciences Training in Drug Abuse Research. She earned her doctorate in Criminal Justice from John Jay College of Criminal Justice/The Graduate Center, CUNY.
Her dissertation titled, “The Evolution of MS-13 and Barrio 18: Violence, Extortion, and Drug Trafficking in the Northern Triangle of Central America,” utilized mixed-methods to obtain a comprehensive understanding of these gangs. Pam is a former U.S. Fulbright Fellow and a Dean K. Harrison Fellow, during her fellowships, she lived in El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala.
She has presented her research to government officials at the U.S. Embassy in El Salvador, USAID in Honduras, and civil society in Guatemala. She holds an M.A. in Social Science, and two B.A. degrees, one in Chicano/Latino Studies and another in Cognitive Psychology from the University of California, Irvine. Previously, she was a Senior Consultant with Booz Allen Hamilton working with the Department of Defense at the National Defense University.
Ruiz, P. (2020) Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and Barrio 18: Gangs, Terrorists, or Political Manipulation? Small Wars Journal.
Ruiz, P. (2020) Facing the challenge of extortion in Central America, Initiatives implemented to reduce extortion. Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime.
Director, ALN Kenya | Anjarwalla & Khanna
Marie Curie Research Fellow, European University Institute
Programme Officer, Human Security Collective
Senior Fellow, Americas Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
Retired- Economist, Former professor and former Member, International Narcotics Control Board (2012-2020)
Researcher, UNODC and Flinders University
Director of the Conflict Dynamics and Peace Negotiations Area, Ideas for Peace Foundation
Senior Fellow, Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime
Panama's National Assembly
Postdoctoral researcher, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich
Researcher, Taller de Criminología