The Global Initiative Network

GIN Member

Mark Galeotti

Director, Mayak Intelligence

Mark Galeotti is a long-time Russia-watcher, even though Moscow banned him this year. He is an Honorary Professor at University College London and Executive Director of the UK-based consultancy Mayak Intelligence, and is currently a Public Policy Scholar at the Wilson Center’s Kennan Institute. He read history at Cambridge and took his doctorate in government at the LSE, and after a stint with the British Foreign Office has been a scholar and thinktanker in New York, Moscow, Prague, Florence and London. A prolific author, his most recent books include the forthcoming Putin’s Wars: from Chechnya to Ukraine (Bloomsbury, 2022), The Weaponisation of Everything (Yale, 2022), We Need To Talk About Putin (Ebury, 2019) and The Vory: Russia’s super mafia (Yale, 2018).


Books authored and edited

  • The Politics of Security in Modern Russia [edited] (London: Ashgate, 2010)
  •  Organized Crime in History [edited] (London: Routledge, 2009)
  • Global Crime Today: the changing face of organised crime [edited] (London: Routledge, 2005)
  • Criminal Russia: a sourcebook and coursebook on 150 years of crime, corruption & policing(Keele, ORECRU, revised 4th edition, 2003)
  • Russian and Post-Soviet Organized Crime [edited] (London, Ashgate, 2002)
  • Putin’s Russia [edited] (London, Jane’s, 2002), co-edited with Ian Synge
  • Gorbachev and his Revolution (Basingstoke, Macmillan, 1997). Elements of this book were republished within People Who Made History: Mikhail Gorbachev, edited by Tom Head (New York, Gale: 2003)
  • Jane’s Sentinel: Russia (Coulsdon, Jane’s, 1997)
  • Unstable Russia (Coulsdon, Jane’s, 1996)
  • The Age of Anxiety. Security and Politics in Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia (Harlow, Longman Higher Academic, 1995). Translated into Czech as Cas Uzkosti (Prague, Orbis, 1998)
  • Afghanistan: the Soviet Union’s last war (London, Frank Cass, 1995, new edition released in paperback 2001)
  • The Kremlin’s Agenda (Coulsdon, Jane’s Information Group, 1995)

Chapters in books

  • ‘Russia’, in B Elleman, S Kotkin & C Schofield (eds), China’s Disputed Frontiers: twenty neighbors in Asia (Armonk: ME Sharp, 2012)
  • ‘Turkish organized crime: from tradition to business’ in D Siegel et al (eds), Traditional Crime in the Modern World (New York: Springer, 2011)
  • ‘Crime in post-Soviet societies’, in M Herzog-Evans (ed), Transforming Criminology, Vol. I(Olsterwijk: Wolf Legal, 2011)
  • ‘Introduction’, in M. Galeotti (ed), The Politics of Security in Modern Russia (London: Ashgate, 2010)
  • ‘The Security Apparatus: Putin’s praetorians’, in M. Galeotti (ed), The Politics of Security in Modern Russia (London: Ashgate, 2010)
  • ‘Criminal Histories’, in M. Galeotti (ed), Organized Crime in History (London, Routledge, 2009)
  • ‘The World of the Lower Depths: crime and punishment in Russian history,’ in M. Galeotti (ed),Organized Crime in History (London, Routledge, 2009)
  • ‘The Criminalisation of Russian State Security’, in R Bunker (ed), Criminal States and Criminal-Soldiers (London: Routledge, 2008)
  • ‘Foreword,’ in J Finckenauer, Mafia and Organized Crime (Oxford, OneWorld, 2007)
  • ‘Private Security and Public Insecurity: outsourced vigilantism in modern Russia’, in D Pratten & A Sen (eds), Global Vigilantes (New York: Columbia University Press and London: Hurst, 2007)
  • ‘Global Crime Today’, in M Galeotti (ed), Global Crime Today (London, Routledge, 2005)
  • ‘The Russian Mafia: consolidation and globalization’, in M Galeotti (ed), Global Crime Today(London, Routledge, 2005)
  • ‘”Brotherhoods” and “Associates”: Chechen networks of crime and resistance’, in R Bunker (ed),Networks, Terrorism & Global Insurgency (London, Frank Cass, 2005)
  • ‘What Implications for Russia’s Development have Securitisation, Crime and Corruption?’ in R Larrson (ed), Whither Russia? (Stockholm, FOI, 2004)
  • ‘Special Purpose Forces’ and ‘Ministry of Internal Affairs’, in J Millar (ed), Encyclopedia of Russian History (New York, Gale, 2003)
  • ‘The Challenge of ‘Soft Security’: crime, corruption and chaos’, in D Averre & A Cottey (eds), New Security Challenges in Postcommunist Europe (Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2002)
  • ‘Transnational Organized Crime: law enforcement as a global battlespace’, in R Bunker (ed),Non-State Threats and Future Wars (London, Frank Cass, 2002)
  • ‘Putin and his Russia’, in M Galeotti (ed), Putin’s Russia (London, Jane’s, 2002)
  • ‘Crime, Chaos and Control’, in M Galeotti (ed), Putin’s Russia (London, Jane’s, 2002)
  • ‘Putin’s Russia: an afterword’, in M Galeotti (ed), Putin’s Russia (London, Jane’s, 2002)
  • ‘Underworld and upperworld: organized crime and global society’, in D Josselin & W Wallace (eds), Non-State Actors in World Politics (Basingstoke, Macmillan, 2001)
  • ‘Stealing the Millennium: the Growing Challenge of Organized and Transnational Crime’, in LENS Report 2001 (LENS, London, 2001)
  • ‘The Russia Mafiya: economic penetration at home and abroad’, in A Ledeneva & M Kurkchiyan (eds), Economic Crime in Russia (Amsterdam, Kluwer, 2000)
  • ‘”Who’s the boss: us or the law?”  The corrupt art of ruling Russia’, in S Lovell et al (eds), Bribery and Corruption in Russia (Basingstoke, Macmillan, 2000)
  • ‘The “Power Ministries” and Russian Foreign Policy’, in Godzimirski J (ed) New and Old Actors in Russian Foreign Policy (Oslo, NUPI, 2000)
  • ‘Crime, corruption and the law’, in M Bowker & C Ross (eds), Russia after the Cold War (Harlow, Longman, 2000)
  • ‘The “Russian Mafiya” and Europe’s narcotics problem’, in Interpol and Technology in Partnership: fighting drug trafficking (London, Interpol/National Criminal Intelligence Service, 1999)
  • ‘Organized Crime in the Former Soviet Union: roots, resources and responses’, in OSCE – a need for cooperation (Copenhagen, Danish UN Association, 1997)
  • ‘Russia and Eurasia: Out-of-Area Operations and Peacekeeping’, in R Hall (ed), The World in Conflict, (Coulsdon, Jane’s, 1995)

Articles in Peer-reviewed journals

  • ‘Litvinenko, Aleksandr Valtervich’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2010)
  • ‘Criminal Histories’, Global Crime 9.1/9.2 (2008)
  • ‘The World of the Lower Depths: crime and punishment in Russian history,’ Global Crime 9.1/9.2 (2008)
  • ‘Forward To The Past: Organized Crime and Cuba’s History, Present And Future’, Trends in Organized Crime 9 (2006)
  • ‘The Transdnistrian Connection: Big Problems from a Small Pseudo-State,’ Global Crime 6 (2005)
  • ‘The Russian Mafia: consolidation and globalization’, Global Crime 6 (2004)
  • ‘Transnational Organized Crime: law enforcement as a global battlespace’, Small Wars & Insurgencies, 13 (2002)
  • ‘”Brotherhoods” and “Associates”: Chechen networks of crime and resistance’, Low Intensity Conflict & Law Enforcement 11 (2002)
  • ‘Turkish organized crime: where state, crime and rebellion conspire’, Transnational Organized Crime 4 (2000)
  • ‘The Mafiya and the New Russia’, Australian Journal of Politics & History, 44 (1998)
  • ‘Russian Police and Security Apparatus in the 1980s and 1990s’, Low Intensity Conflict & Law Enforcement 2 (1993)
  • ‘Perestroika, Perestrelka, Pereborka: policing Russia in a time of change’, Europe-Asia Studies45 (1993)
  • ‘Organized Crime in Moscow and Russian National Security’, Low Intensity Conflict & Law Enforcement 1 (1992)

Selected other academic and professional journal articles

  • ‘Crime, Trafficking and Local and Global Solutions’ [review article], Perspectives on Politics, September 2011
  • ‘Mohawk Mafia – smuggling in North American reservations’, Jane’s Intelligence Review, July 2011
  • ‘Retirement plans – Russian mafia boss contemplates his future’, Jane’s Intelligence Review, January 2011
  • ‘Russia’s Reform Act’, Jane’s Defence Weekly, 29 September 2010
  • ‘Spirited Away: the rise of global kidnapping trends’, Jane’s Intelligence Review, April 2010
  • ‘People-trafficking and Illegal Migration: not just human but international security challenges’,Perspectives on Global Issues, 4, 2 (2010)
  • ‘Eastern Empires: criminals infiltrate Russia’s Far East’, Jane’s Intelligence Review, March 2010
  • ‘Force projections – the future of Russia’s military reform’, Jane’s Intelligence Review, February 2010
  • ‘Route of the problem: trafficking and addiction threaten Russia’, Jane’s Intelligence Review, November 2009
  • ‘Behind the Scenes: Uralmash gang retreats into the shadows’, Jane’s Intelligence Review, September 2009
  • ‘Hard Times: organised crime and the global financial crisis’, Jane’s Intelligence Review, August 2009
  • ‘North Caucasus insurgents shift focus’, Jane’s Islamic Affairs Analyst, July 2009
  • ‘Multi-player Games: Central Asia pits powers against each other’, Jane’s Intelligence Review, March 2009
  • ‘Cold calling: competition heats up for arctic resources’, Jane’s Intelligence Review, October 2008
  • ‘Blood Brothers: the rise of Chechen organized crime’, Jane’s Intelligence Review, August 2008
  • ‘Bodies of Evidence: decoding tattoos used by criminal gangs’, Jane’s Intelligence Review, July 2008
  • ‘Empire of the Sun: Russian organised crime goes global’, Jane’s Intelligence Review, April 2008
  • ‘Radicalizing Russia’s Caucasian Moslems’, Jane’s Islamic Affairs Analyst, October 2007
  • Raising the Roof: the rise of the Russian private security industry, Crime & Justice International, 95 (2006)
  • ‘Russia and Chechnya: not one war, but two’, World Today 60 (2004)
  • ‘Russian Police Reform’, Crime & Justice International, 2 (2003)
  • ‘Crime Pays’, World Today 58 (2002)
  • ‘Business as Usual for Afghan Drugs’, World Today 57 (2001)
  • ‘Russian security forces and organized crime: mafiya, militia and military,’ Bulletin of theConflict, Security & Development Group, 12 (2001)
  • ‘Moscow Rules: reading between the lines about crime in Russia’, Slovo 8 (1995)
  • ‘A Critical Absence of Will’, Russia and the World 20 (1991)
  • ‘Baku, January 1990 – an exercise in desperation’, Slovo 3 (1990)
  • ‘Why the Soviet Union needs a Professional Army’, Defense Analysis 6 (1990)
  • ‘Civil Society in Uniform’, Russia and the World 17 (1990)
  • ‘Life after the Party: Prokhanov’s “Sufficient Defense”‘, Russia and the World 18 (1990)
  • The Military’s New Battlefields’, Detente 16 (1989)

Published Reports

  • British Policy and Russian Crime: time to get serious?, memorandum submitted to and published by the House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee, 1999
  • Private Security and Public Insecurity: the rise and implications of the Russian private security
  • industry, ORECRU Special Report, 1998
  • Heirs of the KGB, Jane’s Intelligence Review Special Report, 1998
  • Turkish Organized Crime: the threat to the UK, for National Criminal Intelligence Service, 1997
  • Policing Russia, Jane’s Intelligence Review Special Report, 1997
  • Russia’s Praetorians: internal security and intelligence forces, distributed by the Office of the Special Adviser to the NATO Secretary General, 1996
  • Mafiya: organized crime in Russia and its international implications, Jane’s Intelligence Review Special Report, 1996
  • The Rise of a Criminal Superpower:  Organized Crime in Russia, for US Department of Defense (National Defense University), 1995
  • Russia 2014, for US Department of Defense (National Defense University), 1994


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