This guide analyses in depth the dynamics and trends of the human-smuggling industry, focusing on migration from and through the Middle East, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa to Europe. Its goal is to provide practitioners, policymakers and law-enforcement officials with detailed information to enable them to understand how human smuggling works as a vector in migration and to formulate a more effective, holistic policy response than has been achieved to date.

We hope that this will be a useful contribution to organizations with responsibility for migration management, protection of refugees and people on the move, humanitarian and development practitioners, and policymakers more broadly.