Human trafficking and migrant smuggling remains an unabated challenge for the international community as it affects almost every country in the world where millions of people are trapped in the form of modern-day slavery.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Government of Pakistan has jointly developed the UNODC’s Country Programme and as part of the assistance programme we strive to improve the skills and knowledge of law enforcement agencies especially the Federal Investigation Agency in overcoming the challenges related to human trafficking and migrant smuggling.

This report was commissioned in order to develop an in-depth understanding of the socio-economic patterns and trends related to human trafficking and migrant smuggling in Pakistan. The findings of the report aim to highlight the important relationship between the socio-economic conditions and irregular migration within the country.