The Global Initiative Network

GIN Member

Luca Raineri

Researcher, Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies

Luca Raineri is researcher in Security Studies at the Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa, Italy. His research investigates the security implications of transnational phenomena and extra-legal economies, focusing in particular on the Sahara-Sahel region.

Since 2010 he has carried out extensive fieldwork for research purposes in Senegal, Mali, Niger, Tunisia. Dr. Raineri holds a degree in Political Theory from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) in Paris, and a Master of Arts in Human Rights and Conflict Management from the Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies (2011).

While being a member of the Research School on Peace and Conflict of Oslo, he obtained a PhD in Global Politics at the Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies (2016) with a thesis examining the dynamics of conflict and trafficking in the Saharan space, looking in particular at how security practices shape drug trafficking and conflicts in Mali.

Dr Raineri has consulted for several international NGOs, IOs and private research institutions dealing with security and its nexuses with human rights and development, with a particular focus on Africa.



  • Mattheis F., Raineri L., Russo A. Fringe regionalism. When peripheries become regions. London: Palgrave.


  • Raineri L. Security and informality in Libya: militarisation without military?. Conflict, Security & Development 19(6), 2019.
  • Raineri L., Strazzari F. (B)ordering hybrid security? EU stabilisation practices in the Sahara-Sahel region. Ethnopolitics 18(5), 2019.
  • Raineri L. The Malta Connection: a corrupting island in a ‘corrupting sea’?. European Review of Organised Crime 5(1), 2019.
  • Raineri L. Human Smuggling across Niger: State-Sponsored Protection Rackets and Contradictory Security Imperatives. Journal of Modern African Studies 56(1), 2018.
  • Raineri L., Martini A. ISIS and Al-Qaeda as Strategies and Political Imaginaries in Africa: A Comparison between Boko Haram and Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb. Civil Wars 19(4), 2017.
  • Raineri L., Strazzari F. State, Secession and Jihad: The Micro-Political Economy of Conflict in North Mali. African Security 8(4), 2015.


  • Raineri L. Cross-border smuggling in north Niger: the morality of the informal and the construction of a hybrid order. In: Polese A., Russo A., Strazzari F. (eds.) Governance Beyond the Law: the immoral, the illegal, the informal. London: Palgrave, 2019.
  • Raineri L. Ba Y. Hybrid governance and mobility in the Sahel: stabilisation practices put to the test. In: Venturi B. (ed.) Governance and Security in the Sahel: tackling mobility, demography and climate change. FEPS/IAI: Rome 2019.
  • Raineri L., Drug trafficking in the Sahara Desert: follow the money and find land-grabbing. In: Chiodelli F., Hall T., Hudson R. (eds.) Corrupt Places: The Illicit and illegal in the Regional and Urban Governance and Development, London: Routledge 2017.


  • Raineri L., Golovko K. Navigating borderlands in the Sahel: border security governance and mixed migration in Liptako-Gourma. Mixed Migration Centre Dakar/Geneva, 2019.
  • Raineri L. If victims become perpetrators. Factors contributing to vulnerability and resilience to violent extremism in the central Sahel. International Alert, 2018.
  • Loschi C., Raineri L., Strazzari F. The implementation of EU Crisis Response in Libya: Bridging theory and practice. EUNPACK, 2018.  Raineri L., Strazzari F. Organized Crime and fragile states: African variations. EUISS Policy Brief 8, 2017

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