The 2017 Internet Organised Crime Threat Assessment (IOCTA) reports how cybercrime continues to grow and evolve. While many aspects of cybercrime are firmly established, other areas of cybercrime have witnessed a striking upsurge in activity, including attacks on an unprecedented scale, as cybercrime continues to take new forms and new directions. A handful of cyber-attacks have caused widespread public concern but only represented a small sample of the wide array of cyber threats now faced.

It is clear that continued, close cooperation with the private sector is essential to combat cybercrime in an agile, pro-active and coordinated manner with a comprehensive and up-to-date information posture at its heart. This report also highlights how adequate training of the public and employees to recognise and react appropriately to social engineering would have a significant impact on a wide range of cyber-attacks.