This paper documents the key organized-crime themes and challenges discussed at the 10th iteration of the Development Dialogue series held in November 2019.

The Dialogue examined two principal themes through panels and round-table discussions: the risks posed by organized crime to the EU’s programming, including concerns regarding the expansion of global infrastructure and connectivity, and their impact on crime; urbanization; precarious environmental conditions; and the scarcity of resources, and, secondly, organized crime threats along the EU borders, including North Africa and the Sahel, in particular looking at geographies affected by Russian organized crime.

After mapping the key points arising from these sessions, the paper consolidates the overarching takeaways, challenges and possible ways forward, providing a springboard for further debate. The Dialogue was held under Chatham House Rules and this paper reflects this.