Author: Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime

April 9th, 2016

The Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime carried out desk and field research in Latin America between February and December 2015 in order to investigate links between organized crime and illegal gold mining and to explore the manner in which the nexus between organized crime and illegal gold mining funds criminal and terrorist groups, facilitates money laundering and corruption, forcibly displaces local populations, speeds environmental destruction and creates situations of labour exploitation, labour trafficking, and sex trafficking . Desk research focused on Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru and Venezuela. Field research was also conducted in Colombia and Peru. Field researchers visited illegal gold mining areas and interviewed local and international experts, mine workers and members of local populations affected by illegal gold mining.