IFFs: The Economy of Illicit Trade in West Africa
Africa is the world’s second fastest-growing economy after East Asia, and yet the continent is also home to the largest share of people living in...
Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) accounts for approximately 20% of world supply, and is an important livelihood for tens of millions of people. However, since much of this production is informal and unregulated, the ASGM sector is vulnerable to criminal infiltration and illicit financial flows (IFFs). Recognising the need for a greater understanding of gold-related IFFs, the Global Initiative and Estelle Levin Ltd have partnered on the GIFF Project in an effort to provide greater insight into this issue and to develop solutions that will improve efforts to formalize the ASGM sector globally.
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