In this tenth issue of the Risk Bulletin of Illicit Economies in Eastern and Southern Africa (July-August 2020), we present five completely distinct stories on criminal trends in the region, from kidnapping in Mozambique to arms smuggling in Somalia. We:

  • Report on discussions with a Yemen-based arms dealer conducted by one of our researchers under the alias of a potential buyer, and how the detailed information provided by this dealer gives insights into how arms smuggling networks may be transporting Iranian arms intended for Yemen to the Horn of Africa and beyond;
  • Analyse how Kenya’s recent ban on the export of donkey skins to China, currently being challenged in the courts, may impact patterns of animal theft and cross-border smuggling in the region;
  • Question whether stricter measures aimed at targeting illicit financial flows by UK regulators could have unintended impacts on Somalia, where remittance providers are key in providing cash flow to the country;
  • Explore how counterfeit and substandard hand sanitizers have flooded markets in eastern and southern Africa during the coronavirus pandemic;
  • Investigate the trend of kidnappings that continue to hake the business community in Mozambique.


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