Mohamed Haji Ingiriis

PhD Candidate, University of Oxford


Mohamed Haji Ingiriis is PhD (DPhil) Candidate in the Modern African Studies at the Faculty of History, University of Oxford. He also serves as Associate Editor for the Journal of Somali Studies and Book Reviews Editor of the Journal of the Anglo-Somali Society. He holds two Master’s degrees: an M.Sc. in Organisation and Community Development from the Department of Social Sciences and Humanities at the London Metropolitan University (2012) and an M.A. from the Departments of Anthropology and History at Goldsmiths, University of London (2013). His MS.c. dissertation, entitled ‘Between Struggle and Survival: The Status and Position of Women in Somali Society’, dissected the contemporary interplay between the patterns of (trans)formation(s) and gender development in the Global South, with a special focus on Somali women. Graded with a Distinction, the dissertation was concerned with the conjunctions of socio-political movements during the 1940s, 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, as well as the politics and poetics of peace in (post)-‘civil’ war Somalia. His M.A. dissertation, titled ‘Encounters and Interactions: The Qadiriyya Tariqa and the European Colonial Powers in (and Beyond) the Somali Territories, c. 1884-1935’, was also graded with a Distinction, exploring comparatively contrapuntal contacts between the Sufi Turuq and the colonial states in the northern and southern Somali territories and Tanganyika/Zanzibar (present-day Tanzania) during the late in the nineteenth- and early in the twentieth-century. His current doctoral dissertation entitled ‘The Somali State-Society: Foundation, Formation and Formulation, 1950-1969’ covers colonial and post-colonial periods, seeking to study the foundation and formation of the Somali nation-State (as well as scrutinise – this, after all, being Somalia – its fragility and failure), while tracing the period of the decolonisation (1950-1960) and of the post-colonial democratic governmentality on the face of Foucauldian sense (1960-1969).

Ingiriis has written on cultural, historical, intellectual, legal, maritime, political, social and security aspects of Somalis. He locates his work at the intersection of state systems and structures that shape societal changes. His research articles have been published in prestigious scholarly articles. He has completed two book projects on the theme of the Somali State fragility and failure (with a specific focus on the Siad Barre regime), the first being published in March 2016 by University Press of America. He has also contributed to several books on Africa and the wider world. The most recent publication is ‘The Big Elephant in the Room: Meddling and Machination of IGAD and Ethiopia in Somalia’, in Regional Economic Communities and Peacebuilding in Africa: The Experience of ECOWAS and IGAD (forthcoming 2018 with Routledge). From his academic work, Ingiriis has presented research papers at – and given a talk to – sessions and seminars held at the University of Oxford (African Studies Seminar and The Changing Character of War Programme), King’s College London, University of London (Goldsmiths), the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University College London, Durham University (UK), Ghent University (Belgium), Lund University and Uppsala University (both Sweden) and Addis Ababa University. His scholarly articles have been published in such peer-refereed academic journals as African Affairs, Africa Today, African Studies Review, African Security, African Identities, the Journal of Eastern African Studies, Northeast African Studies, Journal of Somali Studies, African Renaissance, Conflict Studies Quarterly, Journal of International Women’s Studies and the Northern Mariner (an academic journal for maritime research). His book reviews have appeared in The Journal of Modern African Studies, African Affairs, Review of African Political Economy, Africa Today, African Studies Review, Canadian Journal of African Studies, Journal of African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review, African and Asian Studies, Cahiers d’études Africaines, Journal of Somali Studies and Journal of the Anglo-Somali Society.


  • The Suicidal State in Somalia: The Rise and Fall of the Siad Barre Regime, 1969-1991 (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2016).
  • ‘The Invention of Al-Shabaab: Between the Dervishes and the Historical Configurations in Somalia?’, accepted for publication in African Affairs and to be published in April 2018.
  • ‘Who Assassinated the Somali President in October 1969?: The Cold War, the Clan Connection or the Coup d’État’, African Security, Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017): 1-24.
  • ‘How Somalia Works: The Mimicry and Making of the Military Regime in Mogadishu’, Africa Today, Vol. 63, No. 1 (2016): 57-83.
  • ‘“We Swallowed the State as the State Swallowed us”: The Genesis and Genealogies of Genocide in Somalia’, African Security, Vol. 9, No. 3 (2016): 237-258.
  • ‘Many Somalia(s), Multiple Memories: Remembrance as Present Politics, Past Politics as Remembrance’, African Identities, Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016): 348-369.
  • ‘The Psychology and Philosophy of the African Conflicts: Towards a Critique of the War Narratives in Somalia and Rwanda’, Conflict Studies Quarterly, Issue 14 (2016): 3-34.
  • ‘Politics as a Profitable Business: Patronage, Patrimony, Predation and Primordial Power in Contemporary Somalia’, Journal of Somali Studies, Vol. 2, No. 1 & 3 (2015): 67-97.
  • ‘“Sisters; was this what we struggled for?”: The Gendered Rivalry in Power and Politics’, Journal of International Women’s Studies, Vol. 16, No. 2 (2015): 376-394.
  • ‘The History of Somali Piracy: From Classical Piracy to Contemporary Piracy, c. 1801-2011’, The Northerner: The Canadian Nautical Research Society, Vol. XXIII (2013): 239-266.
  • ‘The Impact of Civil War and State Collapse on the Roles of Somali Women: A Blessing in Disguise’, Journal of Eastern African Studies, Vol. 7, No. 2 (2013): 314-333 (with Markus V. Hoehne).
  • ‘The Making of the 1990 Manifesto: Somalia’s Last Chance for State Survival’, Northeast African Studies, Vol. 12, No. 2 (2012): 63-94.