This handbook is intended as a tool for due diligence and project planning by policy makers, development interventions, civil society, and downstream businesses operating in the artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sector. The handbook will help actors to:
- increase their knowledge and understanding of financial flows, in particular illicit financial flows (IFFs) linked to the ASGM sector;
- build their capacity to analyse and effectively capitalise on opportunities; and
- mitigate and respond to challenges and obstacles IFFs pose to the formalisation of the ASGM sector and other development objectives.