Author: Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime
July 7th, 2016
The first section of this report presents an overview of law enforcement responses in South Africa since the start of the poaching crisis in the mid-2000s. The country is home to 70% of the world’s last remaining rhinos. The Kruger National Park is the eye of the storm, accounting for roughly 60% of poaching incidents over the past seven years. It is there that a complex “war on poaching” is being waged, one that has led to the deaths of at least 200 suspected poachers, several soldiers, two field rangers and a policeman.
The second section of the report examines the confluence of licit and illicit activities in the trade in rhino horns and sheds new light on investigations in Europe into so-called pseudo-hunting cases, and the links between syndicates smuggling rhino horn in the Czech Republic and other countries to crimes that include the trade in counterfeit goods and the drug smuggling. It also presents evidence of the involvement of Vietnamese pseudohunters and rhino horn smugglers in a tiger and rhino farm in South Africa’s North West province and their involvement in attempting to secure a hundred rhinos for a new safari park established in Vietnam by one of the country’s largest companies.