Author: Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime & GIZ & Estelle Levin

March 1st, 2017

This handbook is intended as a tool for due diligence and project planning by policy makers, development interventions, civil society, and downstream businesses operating in the artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sector. The handbook will help actors to:
  • increase their knowledge and understanding of financial flows, in particular illicit financial flows (IFFs) linked to the ASGM sector;
  • build their capacity to analyse and effectively capitalise on opportunities; and
  • mitigate and respond to challenges and obstacles IFFs pose to the formalisation of the ASGM sector and other development objectives.

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