Background on traffic of Gold and Coltan in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
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Author: The Global Observatory of Transnational Criminal Networks
December 15th, 2016
The purpose of this short descriptive document is to present relevant background information about the Democratic Republic of the Congo (“DRC” or “DR Congo”) and the criminal or illegal exploitation of coltan and gold. The document consists of eight parts: The introductory first part is followed by a second part that includes a background on the DR Congo; the third part is a description of the socio-political and economic situation of the country; the fourth part includes relevant information regarding crimes and human rights violations in DRC; the fifth part is a description of trafficking in Kivu; the sixth part describes the situation of law enforcement around the exploitation; the seventh covers current and active mechanism for regulating the extraction and production of minerals and the eighth section presents some conclusions.